The main objectives of the Department are:
1. to increase productivity of rainfed/degraded land through the process of integrated watershed management;
2. to support the States/UTs for implementation of National Land Records Modernization Programme (NLRMP) with the aim of ushering in the Conclusive Titling system and laying the foundation for building an LIS;
3. to administer land reforms and other related matters relating to land such as administration of the Land Acquisition Act, 1894, the National Rehabilitation and Resettlement Policy of 2007, the Registration Act, 1908, etc.; and
4. to launch National Mission on Bio-Diesel demonstration phase with the propagation of bio-fuel plantations primarily on wastelands, based on the assessment of plantations already under taken in the country.