Rehabilitation & Resettlement (R&R)
LAND ACQUISITION, REHABILITATION & RESETTLEMENT (LARR)
The Department of Land Resources, Ministry of Rural Development, in the Govt. of India has formulated the National Rehabilitation & Resettlement Policy, 2007. One of its aims is to minimize large-scale displacement, as far as possible. Only the minimum area of land commensurate with the purpose of the project may be acquired. Also, as far as possible, projects may be set up on wastelands, degraded or un-irrigated land. Acquisition of Agriculture land for non-agriculture use in the project may be kept to the minimum, multi-cropped land may be avoided to the extent possible for such purposes and acquisition of irrigated land if un-avoidable may be kept to the minimum. The Policy also provides comprehensive rehabilitation & resettlement benefits to the displaced families.
To give legal backing to the above policy, the Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation & Resettlement (LARR) Bill, 2011 has prepared by this Department .The LARR Bill, 2011 was approved by the Cabinet on 5th September, 2011. It was introduced in the Parliament on 7th September, 2011. The Bill was referred to the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Rural Development by the Hon’ble Speaker Lok Sabha on 13th September, 2011. The Committee after detailed examination has submitted its 31st Report on the above Bill to the Lok Sabha on 17th May, 2012 which was laid in the Rajya Sabha on the same day. The recommendations contained in the 31st Report have been examined in the Department. Based on the recommendations or otherwise, the Cabinet Note for the Official Amendments to the LARR Bill, 2011 was prepared by this Department which was considered by the Cabinet in its meeting held on 28th August, 2012. As per the decision taken by the Cabinet, the matter was considered by a Group of Ministers (GoM). Based on the recommendation of the GoM, the Cabinet Note for the Official Amendments to the LARR Bill, 2011 was prepared and it was circulated to the concerned Ministries/Department with a request to send their views/comments to this Department.
Further, the matter was placed before the Cabinet on 13th December, 2012 which has considered and approved the official amendments to the LARR Bill, 2011. The matter to move the aforesaid amendments was proposed on 18th December, 2012 but it has been deferred to the Budget Session of the Parliament.